Estonian Labour Market Today and Tomorrow

According to the prognosis, in 2026 the number of employees will be about the same as in 2017. The prognosis considers the slowdown in the decrease of the working age population, the extension of working life, the increasing share of people active in the labour market, and positive net migration.

In the future, the number of specialists with a higher education diploma and skilled workers who have obtained vocational education and training (VET) will increase. 48% of the new employees entering the labour market should complete studies in a higher educational institution and every third in a VET institution. The demand for employees who have obtained basic or secondary education will most likely decrease.

Until the year 2026, the number of jobs will increase in occupations related to technology and in the fields of health care and social services. Occupations such as subject teachers, educational support specialists at a school and kindergarten, nurses, caretakers, skilled workers in construction and drivers of a motor vehicle need more employees to replace the people exiting the labour market due to the age. According to the prognosis, the number of employees will drop in the fields of public administration, retail trade, agriculture, apparel, textile and leather industry, and storage and transportation.

The study “Estonian Labour Market Today and Tomorrow” covers the following questions: which occupations and skills the Estonian labour market needs until the year 2026 and how the education and training supply meets these needs.

Key findings of the study “Estonian Labour Market Today and Tomorrow 2018”