OSKA overview of the skills necessary for green and digital transition

The aim of this overview is to provide the necessary input to different parties to plan appropriate activities and accelerate the skilful implementation of technological and environmental solutions as well as the introduction of novel solutions.

It is essential to develop both the general and sector-specific information and communication technology (ICT) skills of workers to promote sustainable development in Estonia and maintain competitiveness. Workers with the necessary knowledge and skills facilitate the skilful implementation of ICT-based technical solutions in their field, promote the development and efficiency of the sector and increase individual employability.

The need for knowledge and skills in the areas of sustainable and environmentally friendly management is rapidly increasing in all economic sectors. There is also a growing need for environmental knowledge (incl. in the areas of environmental and quality management) and skills for more efficient use of resources.

The environmental agreements of the EU and the implementation of Sustainable Development Goals will have increasingly stronger impacts on all economic sectors in the next few years. Technological skills should thus be combined with the understanding of natural processes. Additionally, sector-specific green skills will gradually form an integral part of professional skills.

The results of the analysis are primarily aimed at the decision-makers of public training resources, the policy-makers of labour market and education, the implementers of education policy at different levels, educational institutions, professional and trade unions, and young people and adults who are making educational choices.

The document is based on sector-specific OSKA surveys on the needs for labour and skills as well as the data collected on the need for ICT and green skills as part of the special COVID-19 survey, which were updated for the overview and co-ordinated with professionals in the field.

The overview was completed in the summer of 2021.

Summary of key findings