The OSKA field of logistics is heavily influenced by changes in other areas, such as industry, commerce, tourism, and consumer behavior. Megatrends such as technological advancement, globalization, environmental sustainability, an aging population, and shifts in values have a direct or indirect impact on companies in the logistics.

In 2022, over 23,500 people were employed in the logistics field, and the number of employees is expected to remain the same over the next decade. Only a slight increase in employment is anticipated for warehouse workers.

Over a ten-year perspective, the need for postal workers—both mail carriers and mail sorters—will decrease as robots largely take over these tasks. There is also a slight decline forecasted among customs declarants, whose need will be reduced by the growth of digital solutions and the integration of various customs systems.

More logistics managers are being trained than the demand requires, but some of them find employment as purchasing and procurement specialists. There are currently far more graduates in the freight coordinator-logistics profession than the job market requires. At the same time, there is a significant shortage of warehouse workers.

Employees in the logistics field are expected to have digital competencies, green and management skills in addition to their professional skills. With digitalization and automation, there is an increasing need for skills in understanding and using software. Additionally, awareness of digital waste and cybersecurity needs to be enhanced.

Key findings